What Is Blood Sugar?
Blood sugar or blood glucose is the sugar that flows in the bloodstream. Glucose is the source of fuel and energy in the body from food, namely carbohydrates. Organs such as the intestine, liver, and pancreas process the sugar with insulin. The pancreas will produce more or less insulin based on the body’s needs. Controlling blood sugar can prevent diseases like diabetes, which affects over 10% of the population.
More is better, right?
Like many things, too much or too little of something can be dangerous. Both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia can lead to complications. Maintaining glucose levels in a healthy range is vital to preventing problems in the future. Diabetes can lead to heart disease, vision loss, or kidney disease. This can also be affected by and affect vitamin and mineral deficiencies such as vitamin D and magnesium.
The sunshine vitamin
Vitamin D is an underestimated but essential vitamin that can affect several systems in the body. The fact that every cell in the body has a receptor for vitamin D shows the importance. Vitamin D is made from cholesterol due to sunlight exposure but can be found in certain foods such as fatty fish and dairy products. Many Americans struggle to get the recommended amount, which is vital for the immune system, muscular health, and much more.
How does this impact sugar?
Studies show that a healthy level of vitamin D can aid in fat loss while retaining muscle mass. This, in turn, can help to control weight and glucose levels. Vitamin D also affects glucose control through increased glucose tolerance through the brain. While not definitive, a healthy glucose level can be maintained with vitamin D.
How can we get more?
Vitamin D-rich foods should be included in the diet if there is a lack of sun exposure. People with darker complexions may need more vitamin D through diet as well. A vitamin D supplement can help, but healthy foods include milk, cereals, yogurt, and fruits like oranges.
The good mineral
Magnesium is an abundant mineral that is naturally present in multiple foods. Several systems in the body need magnesium, including nerve and muscle function, protein synthesis, blood glucose control, and energy production. Due to diet, illnesses, lifestyles, and medication regimens, many Americans get below the recommended daily amount.
Sugar, magnesium, and a few things nice
Studies found that there are linkages between magnesium deficiencies and high glucose levels. Someone with a low magnesium level is more likely to have type-2 diabetes and vice-versa. The processing of sugar involves magnesium, so a lack of the mineral can lead to complications. Inversely, diabetes can also lead to magnesium deficiency as the kidneys flush excess magnesium out due to increased glucose levels.
Getting more in
As with vitamin D, supplements can assist in rectifying a shortage or deficiency. At the same time, supplements may not be necessary as dietary changes can help. Some of the best magnesium sources include nuts, seeds, and dark, leafy green vegetables. Other helpful foods include avocados, bananas, and fortified cereals. For those with a sweet tooth, try some dark chocolate. Of course, this varies in amounts and is subject to dietary requirements and limitations. Speak with a doctor or dietician for help with magnesium levels.
Food or supplements?
Consing having a conversation with a healthcare professional about glucose levels. Make sure to ask the questions that can best deliver the answers. Doctors can help determine an issue and the best remedy for high blood sugar with some simple tests. In many cases, a supplement with these key vitamins can help. A healthy conversation can lead to healthy living.