Elevated Blood Pressure
Normal blood pressure is systolic pressure less than 120mmHg and diastolic pressure less than 80mmHg. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is classified into different stages depending on the measurements. When a patient is diagnosed with hypertension, the doctor may advise either lifestyle changes or medical treatment depending on the stage. When hypertension medications are prescribed, informing the doctor about current medications is very important as possible drug interactions may occur.
Common medications to stay away from
There are many drugs and substances that interact with hypertensive drugs and lead to detrimental effects. The three common drugs include non-steroidal inflammatory drugs, cough and cold medicines, and migraine medications. There are other medications to be cautious of as well, such as weight loss drugs, antidepressants, corticosteroids, and birth control pills. Always inform the healthcare provider of any current medical treatment to avoid future complications.
1. The effect of non-steroidal inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
NSAIDs are over-the-counter drugs usually used for pain relief and to decrease swelling. NSAIDs can have an impact on the kidneys by causing fluid retention. This will eventually lead to an increase in blood pressure and potential damage to the kidneys and heart. If there is any pain or swelling, healthcare providers may suggest alternatives.
2. How decongestants impact high blood pressure
Cough and cold medications such as decongestants can worsen blood pressure. Decongestants may also make some hypertensive drugs less effective. In this case, the healthcare provider will prescribe cough and cold medications without NSAIDs and decongestant constituents.
3. Consequences of migraine and headache medications
These pain relief medications work by constricting blood vessels in the head. However, this constriction result occurs throughout the body, causing the blood pressure to rise. Speak to the doctor for alternate treatment options if taking hypertensive medications.
Drug safety and interactions with other substances
The list of precautions isn’t limited to medications. There are other substances that one needs to be cautious of when taking hypertensive drugs. These substances include caffeine, illegal drugs such as cocaine, herbal supplements, and immunosuppressants. These substances can cause a rise in blood pressure.
Tips to remember and how to be careful
During doctor appointments, always let the healthcare provider know about all current medications. Before buying any over-the-counter drug or supplement, speak to the healthcare provider. Whenever buying a new over-the-counter product, always read the labels to check the ingredients and warnings.