Why Is Estrogen Important?
The human body produces 3 types of estrogen: estradiol, estriol, and estrone. Estriol and estrone levels tend to be low in humans, but estradiol is the main form of estrogen present in the body. Although estrogen is the primary female sex hormone, both males and females produce the hormone. Estrogen is vital to female reproductive health. The hormone is necessary for the menstrual cycle and sexual function.
What happens when estrogen levels are low?
High estrogen levels cause problems like irregular periods, hair loss, and bloating. Heightened estrogen levels can also lead to serious health problems like stroke, blood clots, and breast cancer. Likewise, low estrogen levels are not good for a person’s health. For women, estrogen levels drop naturally during menopause when the ovaries, estrogen’s main producer, stop releasing hormones. Decreased estrogen levels make a person more susceptible to obesity, heart disease, and depression. Therefore, keeping estrogen levels balanced is a key component of good health.
To deal with these issues, many women undergo hormone replacement therapy (HRT). HRT uses synthetic hormones to replace the ones the body loses. The therapy is mainly used to help women cope with the uncomfortable side effects of menopause like hot flashes, night sweats, and mood swings. Although HRT is effective at relieving menopause system and balancing estrogen hormones, many people still prefer a natural approach to boosting estrogen metabolism.
The facts about DIM
DIM is an acronym that stands for diindolylmethane. The body creates DIM when breaking down indole-3-carbinol. DIM is praised for estrogen metabolism benefits. Estrogen metabolism refers to the ways the body metabolizes estrogen. The way the body metabolizes estrogen is directly related to the development of breast cancer and cervical cancer. DIM is present in many green vegetables like broccoli, cabbage, kale, and watercress.
What is I3C?
I3C is indole-3-carbinol, the phytochemical that DIM breaks down. DIM is like a byproduct of I3C. I3C is believed to assist with estrogen metabolism and cancer prevention. In addition to DIM, I3C creates other byproducts that improve a person’s health. The phytochemical is available in supplement form and is naturally present in cabbage.
Which supplement is more effective?
Researchers continue to study both DIM and I3C to understand more about the effects of each phytochemical. Before starting any new regimen, consult a healthcare provider to test estrogen levels and learn more about different options.